Metaverse: you can’t stir fry, you need to guide
During the two sessions, a number of proposals pointed to “metaverse”, suggesting the establishment of national R & D institutions and the layout of industry supervision in advance
Metaverse, which was popular for a year last year, was brought to the national two sessions this year.
During the two sessions this year, a number of deputies to the National People’s Congress and members of the Chinese people’s Political Consultative Conference submitted proposals related to metaverse, and suggested strengthening supervision and encouraging innovation, so as to seize the opportunities brought by metaverse. In an interview with Chengdu Business Daily Red Star News, Professor Shenyang of the school of journalism of Tsinghua University said that some enterprises are still in the state of “speculation concept” of metaverse. The outside world should recognize that a complete metaverse will take many years, not “built overnight”.
Liu Wei, member of the CPPCC National Committee and chairman of Jiadu Technology Group
Set up a national metaverse R & D organization and increase funds, talents and incentive support
Zhang Ying, member of the CPPCC National Committee and deputy director of Shanghai Municipal Commission of economy and information technology
Building digital space governance rules with Chinese characteristics and conforming to global trends
Tan Jianfeng, member of the CPPCC National Committee and President of the Fifth Institute of space information technology
The government will take the lead in supervising enterprises that operate online communities, online games and online transactions with the concept of metaverse
Professor, School of journalism, Tsinghua University, Shenyang
Some enterprises are still in the state of “speculation concept” of metaverse, and a complete metaverse is not “built overnight”
Focus 1 top level design
It is suggested to establish a national R & D institution
Support exploration and eliminate speculation
Some members believed that accelerating the top-level design is the key to the development of metaverse.
Liu Wei, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people’s Political Consultative Conference and chairman of Jiadu technology group, suggested in the proposal that starting from the top level, the government should lead to build a “metaverse China” digital economy, guide the close connection between the virtual world and the real world, and form a new social relationship platform with virtual real integration and immersive interaction.
In Liu Wei’s view, metaverse, as an emerging thing, currently has no standard mature cases to follow. What’s more, it needs the government to take the lead in demonstration and guidance to enable it to embark on the road of enabling the real industry and expanding the digital economy from the beginning, so as to lay a foundation for China to seize the frontier of science and technology in the future.
Kong Fulong, deputy to the National People’s Congress and Secretary of the Party committee and chairman of Jiangxi Rural Credit Cooperatives Federation, also believes that strengthening the top-level design by relevant state departments can better layout the new track of digital economy, seize the new highland of digital economy, and strengthen, optimize and expand China’s digital economy.
Therefore, he suggested that a national metaverse R & D institution should be established to strengthen capital, talent and incentive support, and focus on the basic and key core technologies of metaverse, such as chip, blockchain, geospatial, interactive algorithm, perceptual display, image engine and 3D environment generation, so as to provide solid support for the independent and controllable development of metaverse.
Metaverse is one of the main research fields of Shenyang, a professor at the school of journalism of Tsinghua University. As for the top-level design of metaverse, he believes that we should first sort out the short board. “Sort out metaverse’s industrial chain, ecological chain and value chain to see where our short board in China is. Focusing on the short board, we need to make key breakthroughs in the field of necking in the future. These all need preliminary research.” Shenyang pointed out that it is also important to clarify the relationship and clear attitude. For example, we should sort out the relationship between the current digital economy and metaverse, encourage technology, prevent risks, tolerate concepts, support exploration and eliminate speculation. When doing top-level design, we should fully study the impact of metaverse’s development on the whole human society, especially guard against the situation of technology out of control.
Focus 2 industrial layout
Accelerate key technology research
Don’t get stuck
In addition to the top-level design, metaverse’s industrial layout has also attracted the attention of Representatives and members.
Zhang Ying, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people’s Political Consultative Conference and deputy director of Shanghai Municipal Commission of economy and information technology, put forward the problems faced by the development of metaverse and put forward suggestions on building digital space governance rules with Chinese characteristics and conforming to the global trend.
Zhang Ying said that at present, as an important platform for the interaction between the virtual world and the real society, metaverse is becoming an important track driving the development of the global digital economy and digital technology innovation. However, China is still a catch-up in key technologies, and there is a “neck sticking” problem in some fields.
Therefore, Zhang Ying suggested to speed up the research on key technologies, focus on key core technologies such as new generation communication, intelligent interaction, computing chip, digital tools and new sensor technology, and encourage enterprises and scientific research institutions to actively participate in the formulation of relevant national and international standards and hold the voice of scientific and technological development.
In addition, in the proposal on “metaverse” technology development, the NLD Central Committee suggested to strengthen directional guidance at the technical level. The NLD Central Committee also suggested that the Ministry of industry and information technology and the Ministry of science and technology should take the lead to organize enterprises, institutes, universities and other institutions to promote R & D in metaverse related core devices and key software and hardware technologies as soon as possible, so as to avoid being limited to people in potential fields, especially through the support of government funds, guide social capital to focus on R & D in core software and hardware and other fields.
As for the core problems to be solved in the development of metaverse in China, Shenyang also puts “technology” in the first place, including chip computing power, metaverse operating system, various engines, applications, etc. “High computing power requires good chips, and the development of chips is a high-speed iteration. It doesn’t mean that if we catch up today, we won’t be ‘stuck’ tomorrow. This is a dynamic problem.”
Shenyang mentioned that there is a gap between us and foreign countries. In terms of VR helmet sales alone, the United States accounts for about 70% – 80% of global sales, while China accounts for less than 10%. In addition, China is relatively weak in open source, high investment and engine level applications, while the United States is basically in a monopoly position.
Focus 3 regulatory mechanism
Layout industry supervision in advance
We cannot “develop first and then govern”
When any new thing develops to a certain extent, it will attract the attention of the outside world to its compliance and legality. The NLD Central Committee proposed to organize relevant departments to conduct Legislative Research on metaverse related needs and risks, and issue it as soon as possible.
In the proposal, Zhang Ying particularly emphasized that it is suggested to improve relevant laws and regulations and judicial interpretation and innovate metaverse supervision mechanism in terms of confirming the right of digital assets, preventing digital addiction and strengthening content security; The market supervision department shall strengthen the standard and standard development of virtual and real integration related products such as interactive terminals, and build a digital space standard system.
“We can’t follow the old road of ‘development before governance’ of mobile Internet. The supervision, technology research and development and public opinion guidance of metaverse industry must be laid out in advance.” Tan Jianfeng, member of the CPPCC National Committee, President of the fifth space information technology research institute and honorary president of Shanghai Information Security Industry Association, said in an interview.
At the two sessions, Tan Jianfeng submitted the proposal on strengthening the supervision of metaverse market and preventing the risks of new digital economy. He suggested that the relevant government departments should take the lead to supervise the enterprises operating online communities, online games and online transactions with the concept of metaverse in accordance with the requirements of national laws and regulations; Research and formulate metaverse regulatory laws and norms in advance, systematically layout core technologies and occupy the commanding height of future competition.
In February this year, the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission issued the “risk tips on preventing illegal fund-raising in the name of” metaverse “, which gave risk warnings for” cutting leeks “such as hot speculation of digital assets, tokens and illegal fund-raising.
“The new form brings challenges to enterprises, industries, governments and regulations. The concept and means of supervision are brand-new. Digital technology is developing rapidly, but supervision is always slow.” Tan Jianfeng said that supervision still needs to distinguish between the “bottom line” and the “red line”, guide social capital to invest in the field of original and leading innovation, break through existing constraints and provide a certain degree of inclusiveness for industrial development.
Shenyang advocates that metaverse should build an innovative regulatory system based on the rule of law. On the one hand, the government should play a guiding role, be inclusive and prudent, combine decentralization and management, optimize the market business environment, create regional application demonstration, and adhere to autonomy and controllability at the level of core technology and infrastructure; On the other hand, the market plays a driving role, is demand-oriented, and is inclusive at the level of product application and scene entrance.
Chengdu Business Daily – Red Star News reporter Wang Tian reports from Beijing