How to use automatic driving to drive the industrial upgrading of factories in the metaverse era

As the hottest concept in 2021, metaverse seems to have little to do with the factory, but if it is used properly, it can save a lot of costs for the transformation and upgrading of the factory. Let’s see how Edith, an expert of Yushi technology, interprets it.

If you are the person in charge of a factory, there are three pain points you want to solve:

  • There are low and peak seasons for production. At any time, logistics drivers must be equipped according to the peak season, which is bound to cause waste in the low season.
  • Hygiene requires the isolation of people and food during transportation.
  • There are many steep slopes and bends in the plant area, and the safety cost is high. In particular, I am worried about the safety problems of newly recruited drivers.

However, you are very cautious in purchasing new equipment. If you buy some new equipment to improve the efficiency of the factory, you will be worried about whether it can really meet your needs. Yushi technology has three sharp tools to meet your needs: proof of concept, product testing and simulation operation. These three sharp tools can be realized in automatic driving metaverse.

Proof of concept

In short, the proof of concept is that the customer puts forward specific needs. We run the real data in the simulation environment, calculate the landing of the needs, and adjust or even predict to varying degrees according to the actual business to see whether our solutions can meet your real needs.

Through the example of simulating real operation, show customers the effect of “full unmanned logistics transportation of loading transportation unloading”. In this process, people do not need to contact with goods, which can reduce human operation errors and ensure the safety of freight transportation; It can be used at any time without worrying about resource waste, so as to make customers feel more direct; We can also tell you how large the parking area of unmanned vehicles is, how many lanes will be borrowed, how large the spacing between goods is, how many unmanned vehicles can unload at the same time, etc. these details can make the scheme more refined.

It can also be used to guide the infrastructure, especially the infrastructure supporting automatic driving. The simulation of V2I facility can show how to improve the safety and transportation efficiency at the same time. When there is no V2I facilities at an intersection where traffic flows continuously, the judgment of unmanned vehicles will be too conservative and will wait for a long time at the intersection; With V2I facilities, the unmanned vehicle will be smarter and take the opportunity to turn directly on time, which can greatly improve the operation efficiency and reduce the time spent on the journey.

In fact, it is not only to improve the operation efficiency. If there are blind areas at the intersection, such as tree shelter, cargo stacking, temporary parking of trucks, etc., unmanned vehicles without V2I facilities will be unsafe due to limited vision and are prone to safety accidents.

Sometimes a proof of concept can be applied to all customers. For example, customers may want to change a tractor supplier because the new tractor is cheap and high-quality or has stronger carrying capacity, but they are not sure whether the safety and trafficability can be guaranteed after changing it. At this time, the brake specification test comes in handy. By using the interference vehicle to drive at different speeds and in the opposite direction of the unmanned vehicle, The maximum speed at which the unmanned vehicle successfully brakes without collision is obtained, which can be used to compare the safety performance before and after replacing the tractor.

Product testing

If you are lucky enough, you decide to cooperate with Yushi technology to carry out comprehensive unmanned logistics in the plant, which will be a long-term process, and you will encounter business needs that you didn’t expect at the beginning. For example, if you add a new line and the operation efficiency needs to be doubled at least, then our products need to be iterated, Each iteration requires different levels of formal and complete product testing before it can be sent to the customer’s site.

Therefore, the second thing we can do in metaverse is product testing, which includes three levels: module testing, system testing and regression testing.

Module testing: as like as two peas, or a few related modules, such as blind area processing algorithm, blind vehicles can not be predicted before being optimized, and the vehicle can not predict the blocked vertical vehicles, and the brake is not as good as the collision occurs. Then, after optimization, it is necessary to duplicate the same scenes. At this time, the advantages of metaverse are reflected.

The first advantage is absolute reproduction, that is, the two test scenarios are completely consistent; Second, the cost is very low. If you use a real car for testing, the cost of one collision will be very high; Third, it can carry out unlimited tests. Even if humans go to bed, unmanned cars can still continue to test.

System test: when all single modules and modules of this version have been tested, it enters the system test; For example, a version focuses on updating the security of aircraft business, moving the aircraft into the test site, and the “Ai pilot” will run tirelessly. When it sees the retreating aircraft, it will slow down and stop outside the designated area to avoid affecting the aircraft operation.

Regression verification: that is to complete the test of the new functions of a version and ensure that the functions of the version do not fall back. Therefore, Yushi technology has created an automatic regression test case library according to the three-level classification of road type, interference type and trigger condition, such as the case library under the lane change scenario in the figure below.

Simulation operation

In order to explore more customer needs before the equipment is put into operation, you can conduct synchronous simulation operation in this metaverse. You must have seen the video of the factory in the future below. Many customer needs have been found in advance by using this simulation operation. With the iterative optimization of products, when your factory has new business, Maybe you can deploy directly without waiting for the next generation version.