“Move the two sessions to metaverse.” This is a relatively cutting-edge view that the author heard during the two sessions this year.
In fact, the two sessions have always been the stage of new technology. From the smart glasses of the previous fire, to the virtual host, to the 5g holographic remote same screen interview platform, 8K live broadcast and 5g + XR virtual interview room, this year’s digital anchor “immersive” broadcast of the two sessions has become a “new favorite” of the media. With the rapid development of 5g, virtual reality, artificial intelligence and other new generation information technologies, the communication forms of the two sessions are constantly updated. In the future, the two sessions may really be held synchronously in the virtual space.
Since Facebook changed its name in October last year, the metaverse concept has been “popular” in the industry and has been labeled as “next generation Internet” and “Quanzhen Internet”. After more than half a year of discussion or debate, representatives and members of the two sessions have made suggestions and suggestions for metaverse this year, and many rational voices have emerged: China should encourage the innovative development of metaverse and cultivate new advantages of digital economy; At the same time, we should follow the development law of digital technology industry and strengthen the supervision of metaverse to better enable the real economy.
Seize the opportunity and cultivate advantages
This year’s government work report pointed out that promoting the development of digital economy and strengthening the overall layout of Digital China construction. The 14th five year plan for the development of digital economy defines China’s goal: the important proportion of the added value of the core industries of digital economy in GDP will be increased from 7.8% in 2020 to 10% in 2025. Metaverse is an integrated innovation and integration application based on Internet, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, blockchain, virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR) and other technologies, which is expected to bring the development of digital economy to a new height.
The representative members suggested that China should encourage innovation, build a metaverse digital economy and cultivate new advantages in the development of digital economy. Liu Wei, member of the CPPCC National Committee and chairman of Jiadu technology group, believes that experts in science and technology, economy, law and society should be organized as soon as possible to fully demonstrate the necessity and feasibility of building a metaverse digital economy, form a top-level design plan, clarify the general objectives and stage objectives of the construction, and refine the construction contents, construction steps, management system Work in resource guarantee and other aspects to guide the development of metaverse. Ma Huateng, deputy to the National People’s Congress and chairman of Tencent’s board of directors and CEO, suggested to study the key technologies and governance rules of the new generation Internet in a forward-looking manner and explore a Chinese scheme for the coordinated development of digitization and low-carbon. Kong FaLong, deputy to the National People’s Congress and chairman of Jiangxi Rural Credit Cooperatives Federation, proposed to establish a national metaverse R & D organization, strengthen capital, talent and incentive support, focus on basic and core technologies, and provide support for metaverse’s independent and controllable development.
Strengthen supervision and formulate a red line
This year’s government work report pointed out that we should improve the governance of the digital economy, release the potential of data elements, and better enable economic development and enrich people’s lives. The deputies and members believed that metaverse, a new thing, in addition to its positive side, will also give rise to various problems, which need to be escorted by a perfect legal system to better enable the development of the real economy.
Gao Yu, deputy to the National People’s Congress and executive director of Chongqing Puyu science and technology innovation center, believes that to promote the healthy development of metaverse, it is necessary to reshape and adjust the real laws, provide guidance for standardizing the personality of virtual subjects, establish and improve the legal norms such as transaction, data and security to ensure the normal operation of metaverse’s economic and social system, as well as the laws and regulations regulating the development and application of metaverse. Zhang Zhanbin, member of the CPPCC National Committee and President of the Marxism College of the Central Party school, believes that we should follow the law of digital technology and industrial development, improve the regulatory system and improve the level of digital economic governance. Wan Jie, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people’s Political Consultative Conference and chairman of Yachang culture group, believes that metaverse is in the early stage of development and should strengthen supervision, restrict the development of metaverse at the technical level, legal level and moral and ethical level, and clarify the legal nature, transaction mode, supervision subject and supervision method.
Deputies and members have suggested that legislative research should be started as soon as possible to form a governance model and legal basis suitable for the development of technology and market, which mainly involves three aspects: first, the reconstruction and adjustment of real law; The second is to ensure the transaction, data, security and other legal norms for the normal operation of metaverse’s economic and social system, explore the establishment of a virtual economic rule system, and promote legislation on the confirmation of rights, transaction and privacy protection of digital assets; Third, the laws and regulations regulating the development and application of metaverse, so as to truly realize the “technology for the good”. One of them is the supervision of information security. As a huge and complex virtual space, metaverse is a collection of various information technologies. The problem of information security is prominent, especially the privacy protection of massive user data. The other is the supervision of ethics. Metaverse attracts the influx of various modern technologies, blurs people’s cognition of life and non life, reality and virtual, and challenges the ethical bottom line of society. Therefore, we should adhere to the basic ethics of people-oriented science and technology and not harming human interests.
In short, in the metaverse boom, strengthening supervision and encouraging innovation must go hand in hand. On the one hand, we should seize the commanding height of the future digital economy by encouraging innovation. On the other hand, we should deeply study the legal status, rights and obligations of various subjects in metaverse, protect data security and user privacy, and provide Chinese solutions for metaverse governance worldwide.
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