This article is transferred from: China Economic Weekly
China Economic Weekly reporter Zhang Yan reports on the national two sessions
“Since last year, the concept of ‘metaverse’ has gradually been sought after. As an important emerging industry connecting the physical world and the digital world, metaverse will reshape the digital economy system and reconstruct human production and lifestyle. To deepen the development of the digital economy, we must integrate with the real economy. At the same time, we must guard against the use of capital, national development plans and hot spot concepts, Let the people misunderstand the national industrial policy, mislead the implementation of the local industrial planning, generate the risk of new digital economic regulation, and create a new virtual economic bubble. Tan Jianfeng, member of the CPPCC National Committee, President of the fifth space information technology research institute and honorary president of Shanghai Information Security Industry Association, said in an interview with China Economic Weekly.
In view of the highly sought after “metaverse” concept and the chaos of the “metaverse” market, Tan Jianfeng said that the “metaverse” industry supervision, technology research and development and public opinion guidance should be arranged in advance. On the basis of adhering to the bottom line and red line, supervision should step up the formulation of corresponding standards and rules, guide social capital to invest in the field of original and leading innovation, break through existing constraints and provide a certain degree of inclusiveness for industrial development. We should also pay attention to building the core competitiveness of the national digital economy with technology, do a good job in data security protection, and effectively prevent the superposition of various risks such as various technologies, markets and businesses.
Specifically, Tan Jianfeng suggested that on the one hand, the central network information office should lead the people’s Bank of China, the Ministry of public security, the market supervision and Administration Bureau and other departments to supervise the enterprises operating online communities, online games and online transactions with the concept of “metaverse” in accordance with the national network security law, data security law, personal information protection law and other legal norms. At the same time, pay attention to and track the new models and mechanisms generated in the concept of “metaverse”, and study and formulate regulatory laws and norms in advance as needed, such as the filing and registration system and the regulatory system of operation transaction mode, so as to prevent system risks in advance.
On the other hand, it is suggested to systematically layout and invest in “metaverse” core technology related enterprises in advance from the national level, so as to change the passive situation of following and being controlled by others for a long time in the fields of information technology and Internet, especially in the basic fields of metaverse industry, such as chips, systems, tools, etc.
“Objectively speaking, at present, the ‘metaverse’ theory is greater than practical application, and there is still great uncertainty in related technologies. There is still a long way to reach the ‘metaverse’ and the return is still far away. Therefore, we should be more vigilant about the ‘story’ divorced from the specific scene.” Tan Jianfeng said that the overheated investment of the capital market in metaverse and the vigorous publicity of social media are easy to mislead or adversely affect the public. We should avoid using the “metaverse” community to mislead social public opinion and the impact of financial and economic models, advocate a rational view of the soaring of metaverse concept stocks, and balance market development, social governance and the guidance of basic values.
When talking about the development of digital economy, Tan Jianfeng said that with the obvious acceleration of digital technology innovation and iteration, data has become a basic strategic resource and key production factor, but it also brings some new problems and challenges in data governance and data security. In another proposal he brought this year, Tan Jianfeng specifically mentioned that at present, China’s data security legislative system has been gradually improved, and laws and regulations such as network security law, data security law and personal information protection law have been issued successively. However, there are still deficiencies in the construction of basic data security system for specific fields, such as biometric data management and control, medical and health data management, etc.
Taking personal biometric data (including face, fingerprint, DNA and other data) as an example, Tan Jianfeng said that these data are unique and non renewable. They are widely used for identity recognition and authentication. Once stolen, they cannot be recovered and changed, which brings great and irreversible risks to personal privacy protection.
“After a large number of national personal medical files and health files are gathered, they can be used to analyze the labor situation, economy and development trend of relevant industries in the country. Once obtained by hostile forces, they may bring unpredictable harm to national security and industrial economic development.” Tan Jianfeng said that at present, in China, new biometric data are mainly mastered by enterprises at this stage. If the centralized collection and storage management is not carried out, it will bring serious problems. To this end, he put forward three suggestions.
First, refine relevant laws and regulations, clarify data ownership from point to area, and improve the operability of data security law enforcement. The second is to set up a national “data bank” as soon as possible, which will be under the unified control of a special institution established by the state, so as to ensure the security of key data and national security to the greatest extent. Third, promote the development of security technology, consolidate the foundation of security industry, and enhance the ability of data governance and the level of data supervision.
Editor in charge: Yao Kun