There was a meta universe 20 years ago. What makes it hot today| depth

Author | Taber network Mozi Su

Editor | Luye

In 2005, Bill Gates, 50, described a future world of virtual reality integration to Dr. Tao Chuang, founder of Microsoft’s Virtual Earth department. The next year, Microsoft launched the “Virtual Earth 3D” business of virtual 3D Earth. People can overlook the real 3D city model of multiple cities online, and even the billboard can be highly restored.

Today, 16 years later, people call this new world of virtual reality symbiosis “meta universe”.

As early as 2000, Tao Chuang had participated in the research of AR virtual reality  。 The geotango company he founded (later acquired by Microsoft) launched globeview online 3D map three years earlier than Google Earth. This time, and Dr. Tao Chuang talked about the “new term” he has studied for more than 20 years.

A6021 △ in 200, Dr. Tao Chuang presided over the research of mobile ar virtual reality

Bubble spawn innovation

“The concept of meta universe was first put forward in 1992, and relevant technologies have appeared for many years, but why it broke out at this time node is a question worth thinking about.”

Tao Chuang told Taber. Com that the biggest change from the Internet era to the mobile Internet era is the gradual penetration of the impact of the Internet on offline life, that is, o2o, which is often mentioned. Takeout, travel and other modes are changing their inherent living habits and breaking the restrictions of space and time. People have greatly improved the efficiency in the physical world and conducted preliminary virtual real interaction through the Internet.

“The mobile game market just broke through the 200 billion mark last year, but the scale of China’s catering market has exceeded 4 trillion yuan, and the hot pot market alone has exceeded 400 billion yuan.” today, the scale of the Internet has almost reached the ceiling, and the traffic bonus is gradually disappearing. Internet enterprises must tap the huge value contained in the offline market to break through the current shackles.

“Facebook (now renamed ‘meta’) For example, before that, its core business was advertising, and advertising profit was based on accurate mining of user data, which was contrary to the general trend of user privacy protection. That’s why Facebook must expand a new business model, which must be integrated with the physical economy. Metauniverse is such an ideal form of virtual and real symbiosis. “

With the influx of capital and the entry of giants, the yuan universe began to erupt this year and the bubble also appeared.

“Every change may need to be” bubble “to stimulate. There is no need to be too afraid of bubbles. This makes policy, capital and public opinion be concerned about the integration of reality and reality. Nowadays, the pursuit of the yuan universe will stimulate bubbles, but will also stimulate more creative thinking and innovative technology to accelerate industrial ecological incubation.

The definition of this new thing, the meta universe, needs to be gradually clarified in the process of growth.

  “On the whole, there are two perspectives of digital primitiveness and digital twinning in the meta universe.” Tao Chuang introduced that digital primitiveness is mostly based on the extension of the game world, which makes the game world more substantive, that is, from virtual to real. Digital twin is an online and offline fusion mode, which is a form of real virtual fusion.

“The two have the same goal by different paths, both pointing to the deep integration of virtual and reality, which is also the judgment standard for entering the digital age.”

Tao Chuang believes that “the final meta universe should be the ultimate form of digital symbiosis, and then superimposed with economic models such as digital currency and other corresponding operating rules. It is neither the physical world nor the network world, but a world of virtual reality integration. This may be a cognitive and world outlook of human digital civilization in a higher dimension.”

Meso metauniverse

At the 29th ACM sigsocial 2011 International Conference this year, Tao Chuang, as the founder of Weizhi technology, released the first academic report of the forum, focusing on the application of spatio-temporal AI technology in digital twin cities.

“The meta universe should not be separated from the physical world, and if the physical world wants to enter the digital world, it must go through a set of technical system similar to digital twins. From this perspective, digital twins must be an important part of the meta universe, and the two should be a relationship from meso to macro.”

“However, we need to have strong spatio-temporal data processing capabilities, and more importantly, spatio-temporal intelligent capabilities, so that we can solve the problems of decision-making, trading, value realization and other aspects in the digital twin and the meta universe, and realize the real integration of virtual reality and reality,” Tao Chuang said.

Taking the digital twin city as an example, although the construction of urban real scene 3D is the basic part of the construction of digital twin city, it is only a very primary stage. What the real urban digital twin needs is a self operating, self-learning and predictable system to assist the government in dealing with various complex urban problems.

Tao Chuang introduced that among all kinds of digital twinning scenarios at this stage, digital twinning in the industrial field is relatively easy, and it is also one of the best scenarios at this stage. Other commercial digital twins for vertical track and serving the real economy also have considerable development opportunities, such as medical treatment, automobile, retail, etc. at present, we have seen some achievements.

“As for the construction of digital twin cities, it is quite complex, much more complex than commercial digital twins.”

Tao Chuang further explained that the urban digital twin faces three basic propositions: governance digitization, economic digitization and life digitization.

Digital governance can be regarded as a digital government. In addition to people’s life services, digital life is also related to the digital transformation of service industry. Economic digitization is the digital development of the whole industry, including upstream and downstream supply chain system, production and manufacturing system, logistics distribution system, etc., which is a very complex scene.

More importantly, the digital operation of cities is affected by many external factors. For example, city city novel coronavirus pneumonia and other emergencies, such as the natural disasters, such as the sudden emergence of the status of the new crown pneumonia, these factors will increase the complexity of the digital twin cities again.

“But the digital twin city is also a very good scene, which is worthy of in-depth exploration. If we can solve the problem of digital twin city, we will have the possibility of looking forward to the digital Twin Earth and meta universe.”

Generalized spatiotemporal data

In Tao Chuang’s view, space-time technology is one of the most important core engines and has great value, whether in the development of digital twins or the formation of the meta universe.

“The Internet emphasizes time efficiency and offline emphasizes space efficiency. The significance of virtual reality integration is to realize the value transformation of time and space. This means that we need to master space-time data and have space-time intelligence.”

Metauniverse needs the transformation of hardware terminals to promote new interaction technologies, such as AR / VR / XR; It also needs the upgrading of the economic system, such as the new transaction rules that may be promoted by the implementation of digital currency.

The space-time intelligent engine may be the “core operating system” of the meta universe.

Tao Chuang said: “both digital twins and metauniverse need spatio-temporal data intelligent engines that can support their operation. In order to achieve real online and offline integration, in addition to interaction, it also needs information processing, processing and decision-making, which needs to be realized through spatio-temporal intelligent engines.”

The upsurge of yuancosmos also makes the capital market pay more attention to enterprises in space-time information related fields.

However, Tao Chuang also admitted that for the capital market, spatio-temporal data is a broader concept, which is not limited to geographical space, but has richer dimensions. “Electricity, taxation, finance, medical treatment… As long as it is what happens in the physical world and the data generated have space-time attributes.”

In the traditional geographic information industry, most enterprises focus on spatial data, and the dimension of time is not strong. However, from the perspective of digital twin and meta universe, not only spatial data is important, but dynamic data has high value. The combination of virtual and real also means the combination of offline and online dynamic data and static data.

“There is no doubt that both digital twins and metauniverse will bring considerable opportunities to enterprises engaged in geographic information and three-dimensional real scene.”

Tao Chuang has full expectations for the future of the industry. But he also prompted relevant enterprises to open their horizons and seek more diversified development paths.